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HIGHLIGHTS

1984 - 2009

 

2009     Art With Soul International Poetry events with Sufi Theme.

              South Asian Older people’s Health Project

              Arts and Health Project.

              South Asian Film Festival

 

              Asian Women’s Empowerment Project

              Mental Health Awareness Project.

              International Punjabi Conference and Mushaira

 

              International poetry event [Health theme]

              Arts and Health Project.

              South Asian Film Festival

 

 1999    Arts and Domestic Violence Awareness project.

              International Punjabi Conference and Mushaira

  South Asian Film Festival

 

1998    ‘Overseas’ collection of newspapers articles about Pakistani arts.

 

199      1998    Haslingden Mushaira, Unity in Diversity, and developed the independent group to organise events every year.

 

1998    ‘Poem on the Menu’ is a remarkable project to promote Literature, the bi-lingual poems of the local poets  printed on the menu of restaurant. 

 

1998    ‘Positive Images’ professional photographer residency for Asian Disabled  

              people group ‘SADA’ and it was the first time when Asian Disabled people have some artistic input in their life. Exhibition in different art galleries.        

           

199      1998    Academy formed a group of Mental Health service users called ‘Companion’, it was the only group in Pendle which was mixed of Asian and White people and one

    of                  the best example of Racial Harmony. We arranged arts based activities for the group through Nelson & Colne College ‘One Step at a Time’ a Mental Health

                         Development Programme where professional artists worked with the group in different art forms. 

    

1998    ‘Memories of the Freedom’ was the Exhibition of paintings of Usman Ali, artist from Blackburn and the Companion groups painting were on exhibition and it created a real

             positive image of mental health within the community.

     

1998    Pendle Community Health Shop project has been extended by using arts based activities with the users of center and the result is a new art gallery in Nelson.

 

199      1997   Organised  50 years Independence Celebration of India and Pakistan event in Blackburn, Manchester and Nelson. Academy formed the network of nine organisations

                        and raised £12,000.00, it was three months of hard work and the celebration was successful and Councillor A Piracha said, ‘Never have our Arts and Culture been

                        presented with such a clarity’.

 

1997    Asian Children’s folk dance and tableau drama in the festival of ‘What is Happening’ in Blackburn.

 

1997    In Blackburn ‘Good Afternoon Children’ was the drama based project to raise the awareness of HIV/AIDS, within Asian community. Poetry reading event for the

            same was my second project where 15 professional poets presented their writings and the theme was ‘Children living in the world with AIDS’, also organised the seminar

            for it where the video drama was presented.

 

199      1997   Academy’s Treasurer worked as main character in a video film made by Mid Pennine Arts  as a part of 50 years celebration of Independence.

 

199      1997   Academy organised the Asian Christian Artist’s promotion musical event in Rawtenstall  where Ms Irene Parveen, Asian Christian  Artist from Pakistan was crowned by

                         the Director of Manchester Council for Community Relations.

 

1997    Exhibition of Pakistani Arts and Crafts in Rawtenstall.

 

1997   ‘No Problem’ Business training to 15 Asian Arts organisations in Manchester, Nelson, Rochdale and Haslingden.

 

19        1997    Successful  bid to Arts for Every One, Arts Council of England, for recording and distributing 10 Asian poets work on Audio tapes.

 

19        1997   The first Asian event in Nynex Arena, 50 years of Independence celebration of Pakistan, Academy’s treasurer was the compare and one of the organisor and that was

                         first time when one local group got a chance to perform with professional artists in Nynex, the audience was 20.000. 

 

             1997   ‘Pakistan as Depicted by Lin Yong and Su Hua’ was an Exhibition of paintings of Pakistani Culture and inner city life by two Chinese Artists. Exhibition was organised

                         that  at Chinese Arts Center Manchester in and that was the first time when Pakistani and Chinese communities worked together.

 

             1997    ‘Celebrating Communities’ was the event organised by Lord Mayor of Manchester, as a part of European Year Against Racism, Academy presented tableau Play, poem

                          and song. All the work was created by local artists. It was very successful performance and good example of Racial Harmony.

 

1997    ‘Sound of Village’ project in Manchester,  Elderly working with youth. The project was to create a village sound of Sub-continent using young musicians in a group with

             Elderly.

 

            1997    Mental Health Week 1997, in Nelson, where Asian poets were involved to write the poems, video drama was shown to the audience and paintings were exhibited.

                                                                                                  

1997    Arts based project to raise the awareness of HIV/AIDS in Nelson and Blackburn. The professional writers residency was carried out to work with the group and create

             poems, presented in live poetry reading event.

 

            1997    Asian Christian Musical group in Nelson to organise a Musical event in the Church where Asian Christian Artists of Pendle created Christmas songs in Urdu and Panjabi

                        language and the group is now actively working.

 

1997    Secured funding from ERDF for one of the organisation in Nelson to produce a demo audio tapes of local musicians and that project has created one permanent job and

            10 short term jobs in Nelson.

 

1997    Mother Tongue Conference where nine organisations representatives were there and all agreed to work in a network form same as the network he created in

             Manchester.

 

1997    ‘Not Just a Lunch’ funded by TSB & Lloyds, was a literary project where the professional writer worked with Asian Elderly during Luncheon Club, the project covered five

             elderly groups one in Rochdale one in Manchester and three in Pendle.

 

            1997    ‘Sipahi’ means Soldier was a poetry reading event, children from three schools of Manchester worked with the professional writer and created poems with the theme of

                         Soldier, the event was supported by British Army to encourage Asian people to join the Army.

 

1997    Skill Exchange trip of three organisations from Blackburn to London, Manchester and Scotland [ funded by The Baring Foundation]

 

1996    Organised a seminar of ‘Arts for Every One Express’ in Manchester for ten Arts organisations.

 

1996    Organised a seminar of ‘Arts for Every One Main Programme’ in Manchester for six Arts organisations

 

            1996    Pakistani Artists group of 25 who came to UK on the 49 years of Independence Day celebration. 

 

            1996    Residency of professional writer working with young writers to create Haiku in Urdu language and at the end of the residency there was a live Haiku reading event where

                        10 Asian poets performed and read Haiku in Urdu. Academy was nominated for Japan Festival Award.

 

            1996    ‘After 40’  project where Elderly and Youth  worked together, music based project of Reminiscences.

 

            1996    First Asian Film Festival in Nelson  which attracted many people and demand of the Asian films increased the result is since than Apollo Theater in Burnley shows Asian

                         film every week.

 

BA-ADAB’ magazine started in 1996 secure the funding from Age Concern England and NWAB. It is in three languages, English, Urdu and Bengali, the editorial board is elderly and young working together.

 

1996    Writer’s residency with the new writers group to write Haiku in Urdu language in Rochdale.

 

            1995    Asian Culture Evening to promote British Army, Royal Air Force and Royal Navy, two Asian young musical groups performed in Queen Elizabeth Hall Oldham, 600 youth

                        attended the event.

 

1994    The first pilot audio recording of Asian poets work project In Manchester. 

 

1993    Presenter at Asian Sound Radio Manchester, develop Literature through radio.

             

1993    I wrote thirty scripts of humorous play for BBC GMR

 

            1993   Academy  was involved to set up a studio for Asian Channel for Cable Television, the channel was on in 1994 and Academy directed Drama ‘Studio 3/4’ 10 episodes

                        with and for young people.  Also directed a drama about Asian Transvestites which was televised in Birmingham and Leicester.

 

Rais Academy was formed in 1993

Carvan-E-Adab was formed in 1984

 

 


 

 

 

 

The first manuscript in Urdu written in 911 Hijri (1515 CE) by Hazrat Sharafuddin Yahya Muneri and is in his dargah in Muner Shareef Bihar.

 The Credit for publishing first Urdu book in Northern India also goes to the state of Bihar; the book is Seedha Raasta published in 1670.

 

Dilli College:

It was established in 1825 to teach modern education. Sociology, Science, and Geography like subjects were taught in Urdu. No book was published here, but the education was based on lectures and students took notes and participated in Science experiments.

Vernacular Translation Society

Was in existence till 1857. Dr. Springer (Principle Dilli College), Master Ram Chandar, and Maulana Sahbaai. Many books were written and many translated from Persian and English.

Ramayan, Mahabharat, Dharam Shastra, Leelawati, Shakuntala, etc. books were translated. Deewan of Sauda, Meer, Dard, Jaraat and others was published.

Urdu was declared official language of Indian sub-continent in 1832.

 

In Deccan:

Shah Meeranji Shams-ul-ushaaq [1498-1562]

Shah Burhanuddin Janam [1554-1599]

Ameenudaula Aala

 

Ahmed Nagar:

Syed Ashraf Biyabaani [1459-1528]

Shekh Hasan Shauqi [died 1633]

 

Golconda:

Muhammad Quli Qutub Shaah [1525-1612]

Muhammad Qutub Shah [ruled Golconda 1611-1625]

Abdullah Qutub Shah [ruled Golconda 1625-1672]

Mulla Asadullah Wajahi [died 1659]

Ibn Nishaati [died 1654 or '55]

Wali [born 1650- died between 1720 and 1725]

 

Beedar:

Syed Qutubuddin Firoz

Pyar Muhammad Quraishi

 

Bijapur:

Muhammad Nusrat Nusrati

 

Gujrat:

Shekh Bahauddin Bajan [1388-1504] 

Shah Wajeehuddin

Khoob Muhammad Chishti

 

In Northern India

Bihar:

Mulla Muhammad Aleem Tahqeeq Azeemabadi [1659-1749]

Ram Narayan Mauzoon

Ghulam Sarwar (was known as Shah Ayatullah) Jauhari/ Mazaaqi [1714-1795]

Meer Muhammad Hayat (also known as Haibat Ali Khan) Hasrat

Sheikh Muhammad Raushan Joshish [1747-1801]

Meer Ghulam Ali Azhar [1778]

 

Delhi:

Meer Muhammad Taqi Meer [1722/23- 1810]

Muhammad Rafi Sauda [1712- 1781]

Khwaja Meer Dard [1721- 1785]

Muhammad Qayamuddin Qaayam Chandpuri [1793/94]: born in Chandpur, Bijnore

Muhammad Meer Soz (takhallus first Meer then Soz) [1798]

Khwaja Meer Asar [1735/36- 1794]

Meer Ghulam Hasan Hasan [1737- 1786]

Afzal Panipati [around 1700]

Khan Aarzoo [1687/88- 1756]

Najamuddin Aabroo [1733] born in Gwalior

Muhammad Shakir Naaji [1748]

Sheikh Sharafuddin Mazmoon [1734/35]

Zahooruddin Haatim [1699-1783]

Jaan-e-Janaa Mazhar [1699-1781]

Nawab Sadaruddin Muhammad Khan Faayez [1690/91- 1713]

Anjaam [1754]

Other names: Mukhlis, Ashraf, Yaqeen, Mubtala.

 

Lucknow: Period I

Inshallah Khan Insha [1752- 1817]

Yayhyamaan (famous as Qalandar Bakhsh) Jarayat [1749-1809]

Sheikh Ghulam Hamdaani Mus-hafi [1824]

Nazeer Akbarabadi [1740- 1830]

The Golden Age of Urdu in Delhi:

Shah Naseeruddin (Kallu MiyaaN) Naseer [1760- 1833]

Sheikh Muhammad Ibrahim Zauq [1789- 1854]

Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib (takhallus first Asad then Ghalib) [ 1796- 1869]

Muhammad Momin Khan Momin [1800- 1852]

Bahadur Shah Zafar [1775- 1862]

Nawab Muhammad Mustufa Khan Shefta [1804- 1869]

 

Lucknow: Period II

Sheikh Imam Bakhsh Naasekh [1771- 1838]

Khwaja Haidar Ali Aatish [1778- 1848]

Pandit Daya Shankar Naseem [1811- 1843]

Meer Khaleeq

Meer Zameer

Meer Babar Ali Anees [1801/02- 1874]

Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer [1803- 1875]

 

Rampur

Ameer Ahmed Ameer Minaai [1826- 1900]

Nawab Mirza Khan Daagh [1831- 1905]

Syed Zaamin Ali Jalaal [1834- 1909]

Muhammad Mohsin Kakoravi [1827- 1905]

 

New thinking in Urdu Poetry

Muhammad Hussain Aazaad [1830-1910]: Delhi

Altaaf Hussain Haali [1838- 1914]: born in Panipat

Sheikh Muhammad Ismail Merithi [1844- 1917]: Merutt (U.P.)

Durga Sahay Sarwar Jahanaabadi [1873- 1910]: Jahanabad; Pilibheet.

Syed Akbar Hussain Akbar Allahabadi [1846- 1921]: Allahabad

Pandit Brij Narayan Chakbast [1882- 1926]: Lucknow

Syed Haidar Ali Nazm Tabaatabaayi [1853- 1933]

Muhammad Iqbal Iqbaal [9 Nov. 1877- 1938]

 

Modern Ghazals:

Syed Ali Muhammad Shaad Azeemabaadi [1846- 1927]: Patna (Bihar)

Naubat Rai Nazar [1866- 1932]: Lucknow

Syed Riaz Ahmad Riaz Khairabaadi [1852- 1934]: Khairabad, district Sitapur (U.P.)

Mirza Muhammad Haadi Azeez Lucknowi [1882- 1935]: Lucknow.

Asghar Hussain Asghar Gondvi [1884- 1936]: born in Gorakhpur, lived in Gonda (U. P.)

Shaukat Ali Khan Faani Badayuni ( takhallus first Shaukat) [1879- 1941] : born in Badayun (U.P.) and died in Hyderabad, Deccan.

Jaleel Hasan Jaleel Maanikpuri [1866/67- 1946]

Syed Ali Naqi Safi Lucknowi [1862- 1950]

Mirza Zakir Hussain Saaqib Lucknowi [1869-1946]

Syed Fazal-ul-hasan Hasrat Mohaani [1881- 1951]

Syed Anwar Hussain Aarzoo Lucknowi [1873- 1951]

 

Poets of the modern age:

Syed Aashiq Hussain Seemab Akbarabadi [1880- 1951]

Mirza Waajid Hussain first Yaas then Yagaana Changezi [1883- 1956]

Tilok Chand Mahroom [1885- 1966]

Jaafar Ali Khan Asar Lakhnawi [1885- 1967]

Jagat Mohal Laal Rawaan Unnawi [1889- 1936]

Ali Sikandar Jigar Morabaadi [1890- 1960]

Shabbir Hussain Khan Josh Malihabaadi [1894- 1982]

Raghupati Sahaay Firaaq Gorakhpuri [1896- 1982]

Muhammad Hafeez Hafeez Jallandhari [1900- 1982]

Anand Narayan Mulla [1901-]

Syed Kazim Ali Jameel Mazhari [1904- 1980]

Akhter Khan Akhter Sheerani [1905- 1948]

Ahsaan-ul-haq Ahsaan Daanish [1914- 1982]

Shahid Azeez Siddiqi Rawish Siddiqi [19__- 1980]

Nazar Muhammad Noon Meem Rashid [1910- 1975]

Akhtar-ul-Imaan [1915- 1996]

 

Progressive Writers Movement:

Asrar-ul-haq Majaz [1909- 1955]

Asrar-ul- hasan Majrooh Sultanpuri [b1909]

Muhiuddin Makhdoom [1908- 1969]

Ahmad Mujtuba Waamiq Jaunpuri [b1913]

Moeen Hasan Jazbi [1912-]

Faiz Ahmad Faiz [1911- 1984]

Ali Sardar Jaafri [b1913]

Sikandar Ali Wajad [1914- 1983]

Ghulam Rabbani Tabaan [1914- 1993]

Ahmed Shah Qaasmi Nadeem [b1916]

Jagan Nath Azaad [b1918]

Abdul Hayi Saahir Ludhyaanwi [ 1921- 1980]

Jaan Nisaar Akhter [1914-1976]

 

WRITERS

Fort William College

Meer Amaan (Meer Aman)

Syed Haidar Bakhsh Haidari [about 1768- 1823]

Meer Sher Ali Afsos [1746- 1809]

Meer Bahadur Ali Hussaini

Meer Kaazim Ali Jawaan [died 1816]

Nihaal Chand Laahori

Mazhar Ali Khan Walaa [died 1816]

Maulwi Ikraam Ali

Beni Narayan Jahaan

Lallo Laal Ji

Mirza Ali Lutf [about 1754- 1822]

Maulwi Amanat-ul-allah Shaida

Mirza Jaan Tapish [1767- 1816]

Hammed-ud-deen Bihari

Mirza Muhammad Fitrat

 

Outside Fort William College:
 

Muhammad Bakhsh Mahjoor: in Lucknow wrote Nau-ratan, Gulshan-e-bahaar

Muhammad Haseen Kaleem: Friend of Meer Taqi Meer, translated fasoos-ul-hukum in Urdu

Haqeeqat: Jazab-e-Ishq

Tishna: Hafat Sayyah

Inshaullah Khan Insha: Rani Ketki aur Uday Bhai Ki Kahani (this is considered first story written in Hindi); dariyaa-e-latafat; Salak Guhar (a short story, doesn't contain even one letter with nuqta)

Mualwi Kareem-ud-deen: translated Abi-ul-fida (Arabic, History)

Maulwi Muhammad Safa: Zaad-e-aakhirat

Haafiz Ali: Raah-e-nijaat

Maulwi Muhammad Hayaat: Siraaj-ul-hayaat

Mualwi Abdul Qaadir: Gulshan-e-deen

Captain Joseph Tailor: English- Urdu Dictionary (published in 1808)

Gladwin: Dictionary (published in 1809)

John Shakespeare: Urdu Dictionary (1813)

Maulwi Ismael: leader of the Wahabi Movement wrote Taqweeyat-ul-imaan

 

Urdu Prose on the Road of Progress. :

Faber Muhammad Khan Gooier [about 1805- 1850]: Bustaan-e-Hikmat (translated work) published 1825

Mirza Rajab Ali Beg Saroor [1786- 1849]: Fasaana-e-ajaayab (published 1824) most famous book; his other books are Saroor Sultani (1847), Sharar Ishq (1856), Shagoofa-e-muhabbat, Gulzaar-e-suroor, Shabistaan-e-saroor, and Insha-e-saroor.

Mirza Ghalib: famous for his letter writing. brought a new style in prose writing.

Ghulam Imaam Shaheed [1804- 1876]: Majmooa Maulood Shareef; Insha-e-bahaar-e-khizaaN

Ghulam Ghaus Bekhabar [1824- 1905]: Khoona-ba-e-jigar; Rashk-e-laal-o-guhar; Fughaan-e-bekhabar; and Insha-e-bekhabar.

 

Golden Age of Urdu Prose:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan [1817- 1898]: Founder of world famous Aligarh Muslim University.

Muhsin-ul- Mulk [1817- 1908]: His real name was Syed Mehdi Ali

Chiragh Ali [1846- 1895]:

 

Muhammad Haseen Azaad: Aab-e-hayaat (history of Urdu poetry), he laid the foundation of criticism in Urdu. "Sach aur jhoot ka roznama " (allegory), darbaar-e- akbari (book); qasas-e-hind (history for the chlidren)

 

Altaf Hussain Haali [1837- 1914]: first major book was majlis-ul-nisa (for education of women); hayaat-e-saadi; yadgaar-e-ghalib; hayaat-e-javed (biography of Sir Syed Ahmed);
His most important work was "muqadma sher-o-shayari " written as a preface to his collection of poetry. Aal Ahmad Saroor called it "the first manifesto of Urdu poetry. "

 

Nazeer Ahmed [1836- 1912]: First novel writer of Urdu, murat-ul-uroos, binaat-ul-na'ash; translated Quran into idiomatic Urdu; translated with others Indian Penal Code as "taazeeraat-e-hind”.

 

Mira Farhatullah Baig [1830-1947]:

Zakaullah [1832- 1910]: Wrote many articles on different subjects and topics.

 

Allama Shibli Nomani [1857- 1914]: author of "Al-Mamoon", "Al-Farooq", "Seerat-ul-Nabi", "Ilm-ul-kalaam", "Sho'ara-e-ajam" etc. Seerat-ul-Nabi was his last book, which was completed after his death by his shaagird Syed Sulaiman Nadvi.

 

Pandit Ratan Nath Sarshaar [1847-1902]: author the most well know book in Urdu "fasaana-e-aazad", another book is "jaam-e-sarshaar." Editor of "Awadh akhbaar".

 

Abdul Haleem Sharar [1860-1926]: author of more than 100 books, published magazine "dil gudaaz" first from Lucknow then from Hyderabad. Travelled to England learned French. His famous books are "firdaus-e-bareen", "mansoor mohna", "husn ka daku", "zavaal-e-baghdad."

 

Munshi Sajjad Hussain [1856-1915]: started magazine "awadh panch" in 1887.

Mirza Muhammad Hadi Rusva [1858-1931]:

Muhammad Abdul Rashid (Rashid-ul-kHeri) [1868-1936]:

Maulvi Abdul Haq [1870-1961]:

Dhanpat Rai Premchand [1880-1936]:

Ziyauddin Ahmed Barni [1890-1969]:

Rasheed Ahmed Siddiqui [1897-1977]:

Ahmed Shah Pitras Bukhari [1898-1957]:

Dr. Aijaz Hussain [1898-1975]:

Abdul Majeed Saalik [1893-1959]:

Qazi Abdul Ghaffar [died 1956]:

Sajjad Zaheer [1904-1973]:

Shaukat Thaanvi [1905-1963]:

Ashraf Saboohi [1905-1990]:

Shahid Ahmed Dahalvi [1906-1967]:

Krishan Chandar [1912-1977]:

Ismat Chughtai [1915-1991]:

Rajendar Singh Bedi [1915-1984]:

Azeez Ahmed [1914-1978]:

Qurrat-ul-ain Haider [born 1927]:

Qazi Abdul Sattar [born 1930]:

Sajjad Haider [1880-1943]:

Upendra Nath Ashk [1910-1996]:

Pandit Badri Nath Sudarshan [1896-1967]:

Sultan Haider Josh [born 1954]:

Aazam Karyovi [died 1955]:

Ali Abbas Hussaini [1897-1969]:

Akhter Hussain Raipuri [born 1912]:

Saadat Hussain Mantoo [1912-1955]:

Syed Akhter Ahmed (Akhter Qriyanvi) [1910-1977]:

Suhail Azeemabadi [1911-1979]:

Shakeela Akhter [born 1916]:

Muhammad Tafeel [1923-1986]:

Akhter Ansari

Majnoon Gorakhpuri

Hayatullah Ansari

Khwaja Ahmed Abbas

Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi

Balwant Singh

Hans Raj Rahbar

Mumtaz Mufti

Muhammad Hasan Askari

 

Drama Writers

Mehdi Hasan Ahsan Lakhnawi [1859-1930]:

Pandit Narayan Parshad Betaab:

Munshi Vinayak Parshad (Taalib Banarasi) [1852-1922]:

Agha Hashr Kashmiri [1889-1925]:

Ahmed Shuja [1893- 1969]:

Muhammad Umar Noor-ul-ilaah:

Dr. Syed Abid Hussain:

Ishtiyaaq Hussain Quraishi:

Imtiyaz Ali Taj [1900-1970]:

 

Your presence reminded me of many things and these verses reminded me of so many aspects of you, so I have decided to write them down here:

I have passed many a night

in ascetic practices

But no one has revealed such

nights as these

 

Whoever been granted one

night such as this

His day and night is spent in

burning passion

 

On the day when they were moulding

my destiny

They were preparing me for such a

Night

 

O’ Lord what are these signs tonight?

 

Is this the Day of judgement?

 

Reasons, patience, the friend have departed

 

What kind of love, what kind of pain

 

What kind of affair is this?

 

Faiz Ahmed Faiz: Life and Ghazals

 

Faiz Ahmed Faiz was born in 1911 at Sialkot and was educated at Lahore, where he studied English literature and philosophy. He began his career as a lecturer in English at Amritsar. After the second World War, he turned to journalism and distinguished himself as the editor of The Pakistan Times. He was charged with complicity in the Rawalpindi conspiracy case and was condemned to four years' imprisonment in 1951. The jail term gave him a first-hand experience of the harsh realities of life, and provided him with the much-needed leisure and solitude to think out his thoughts and transmute them into poetry. Two of his books, Dast-e-Saba and Zindan-Nama are the products of this period of imprisonment.

As a poet, Faiz began writing on the conventional themes of love and beauty, but soon these conventional themes get submerged in the larger social and political issues of the day. The traditional griefs of love get fused with the travails of the afflicted humanity, and Faiz uses his poetry to champion the cause of socialistic humanism. Consequently, the familiar imagery of a love-poet acquires new meanings in the hands of Faiz... This turning away from romance to realism, from Eros to Agape, is beautifully suggested in his poem (a nazm), "mujh se pehli si mohabbat meri mahboob na maang."

In the matter of diction and style, Faiz may be called the inheritor of the tradition of Ghalib. His admiration for Ghalib is also reflected in the title of his first published work, Naqsh-e-Faryadi, which comes straight from the opening line of the first ghazal of Diwan-e-Ghalib. Although he has written poems in a simple, conversational style, he has a marked preference for polished, Persianised diction, the diction of the elite rather than of the commoners. But because of the universality of his thought and sympathetic vision, and because of his perfect handling of the ghazal, his poetry is read and admired in both parts of the Indian sub-continent.

Faiz is a "committed" poet who regards poetry as a vehicle of serious thought, and not a mere pleasurable pastime. He does not accept the maxim of "art for art's sake". An admirer of Karl Marx and a poet of the people, Faiz was honoured by Soviet Russia with the prestigious Lenin Award for Peace and his poems have been translated into the Russian language. His poetical collections include Naqsh-e-Faryadi (1943), Dast-e-Saba (1952), Zindan-Nama (1956) and Dast-e-Tah-e-Sang (1965).

Faiz passed away in 1984.

 

Donon jahaan teri mohabbat mein haar ke
Woh jaa raha hai koi shab-e-gham guzaar ke

Viraan hai maikada khum-o-saaghar udaas hain
Tum kya gaye ke ruth gaye din bahaar ke

Ek fursat-e-gunah mili woh bhi chaar din
Dekhe hain hum ne hausle parwardigaar ke

Duniya ne teri yaad se begaana kar diya
Tujh se bhi dilfreb hain gham rozgaar ke

Bhule se muskra ke diye woh aaj Faiz
Mat puchh walwale dil-e-nakarda kaar ke


 

PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT=[Kazi Nazrul Islam]"Nazrul's Flowery Tribute to Life and Beauty...

 

For conferring on me the honour as the chair of this Eid conference, I offer my gratitude to the Bengal Muslim Literary Society (Bongio Musalman Shahitto Shomiti). Let me first offer to you my Eid greetings. Eid is the celebration of joy and sacrifice . . .

 

Today, this is a poetry conference. Poets and writers have gathered here. Poets, writers, musicians are messengers who bring to people the message from the realm of joy and beauty. That’s why they are pride of human civilisation. The human thirst for joy and beauty is eternal. Just as a person feels hunger for food, so he does feel thirst for beauty.

 

The poets are there to quench the thirst of the non-poets. The demand for the beauty dimension of life coexists with the ordinary needs of people’s life. One day I observed a person returning from the market while holding a hen in one hand and some Tuberose (Rojonigondha) flowers in the other. I complimented him saying, "I have never seen such a combination of Fair and Fowl (foul) together!"

 

The duty of delivering the cup of beauty-ambrosia is on the shoulders of poets and writers. Lot of hardship and suffering the writers face in this path, but they must not be afraid. People don’t have enough break just to feed themselves. Through growing trees and paddy (rice), people turn acres and acres into plantation, but how many undertake cultivation of roses? It is even more unfortunate that the thirst for the beauty is so scanty among the educated ones of this land. It’s no wonder that the poet-writers of this land have to struggle so much in their life. But let’s not despair. The blows of pain must be welcomed with the visit of joy. The life and works of the poets and writers are like Lotus (Shotodol). Each of its petals has bloomed due to the strike of such pain and suffering.

 

I vividly remember my great feeling and realisation of this one day in life. My son passed away. My heart was broken by the deep sadness at this loss. Right then Hasna-Hena (a flower) bloomed in my house. I smelled the fragrance of that Hasna-Hena to my heart’s delight. That’s the way to enjoy life – which’s living a full life. I have cherished the experience of this very kind of life. My poetry and music have emanated from my life experience. I sang with the rhythm of life – these are the expressions of that rhythm. Whether my poetry and music are great or mediocre, I don’t know. But I want to state emphatically – I have lived my life fully. I have never dreaded pain or suffering. I have dived into the ocean waves of life.

 

I was the first in my class. The headmaster had great hope that I would bring more honour to the school, but the world war of Europe came along. One day I saw people going to war. I also joined a platoon. I went to Chattogram, saw the sea, and I thoroughly enjoyed my life by diving into it. One day a policeman aimed his pistol at my forehead, while standing right in front of me, and said, "I can kill you." I exclaimed: "Friend! Indeed, I have been searching for death all along." . . .

 

[Excerpts from an address "Shwadhin-Chittotar Jagoron", given in 1940 in Calcutta Eid gathering of Bongio Musalman Shahitto Shomiti. Nazrul Rochonaboli, Vol. 4, 1996, p. 115.]